Windows server how to
Computerworld – Microsoft today gave its newest server software a name — Windows Server 2012 — and said it would release the operating system this year.
During the opening keynote at the Microsoft Management Summit (MMS) 2012 in Las Vegas, which runs through Friday, company officials slapped the name on the new software — which previously had been dubbed Windows Server 8 — and announced it would ship before the end of the year.
Neither was a surprise, as Microsoft traditionally tags its server-side software with a date designation — unlike its client software — and experts expected that the operating system would launch alongside Windows 8 for Intel-based desktops and laptops.
While Microsoft has not laid out a release schedule for the next iteration of Windows, most anticipate it will mimic that of Windows 7, which launched in October 2009, in time to make the holiday sales season.
Windows Server 2008 R2, the server edition that corresponded to Windows 7, went on sale at the same time as Windows 7, although the company began rolling it out to volume license customers in August 2009.
At MMS today, Brad Anderson, the Microsoft executive who heads the company’s management and security division, said that Windows Server 2012 would reach customers this year.
Windows Server 2012 is available now in beta — it has been since March 1, the day after Microsoft released Windows 8 Consumer Preview — but the company did not detail additional dates today, such as targets for “release candidate,” or RC, or “release to manufacturing” (RTM), when the software is finished and ready to hand off for duplication and distribution to system makers.
If Microsoft follows the schedule it used for Windows Server 2008 R2, it will call RTM for Windows Server 2012 in late July.
Also today, Microsoft launched System Center 2012, a suite of client and server management tools. That software can be downloaded from Microsoft’s website.
Microsoft is pitching System Center 2012 as key to enterprises building private clouds composed of physical and virtual servers.
Yesterday, Microsoft made it official for other names as well when it said “Windows 8″ was the title of the OS for Intel-based client PCs and “Windows RT” was replacing the earlier “Windows on ARM,” or WOA, label for the tablet-centric edition the company hopes can compete with Android and iOS.
Windows 8 will be sold — and pre-loaded on new Intel PCs — in only two editions, Windows 8 and Windows 8 Pro, while a third version, Windows 8 Enterprise, will be offered to volume customers that subscribe to the Software Assurance upgrade program.
Gregg Keizer covers Microsoft, security issues, Apple, Web browsers and general technology breaking news for Computerworld. Follow Gregg on Twitter at @gkeizer, on Google+ or subscribe to Gregg’s RSS feed . His email address is email@example.com.
Read more about Windows in Computerworld’s Windows Topic Center.
If the boot loader to your Windows Server 2008 machine gets corrupted or deleted for whatever reason, it really is a painstaking process to get it fixed. The boot loader to my machine got deleted somehow while I was resizing partitions. after scouring the web, I could not find anything on rebuilding the boot loader for Windows Server 2008. All I could find were instructions to restore a Windows Vista boot loader but luckily, the process for Server 2008 is similar.
Due to the lack of recovery tools on the Server 2008 installation CD, the boot loader must be rebuilt manually.
For this guide, I’m going to assume your installation has a drive letter of C:.
Insert the Server 2008 installation CD into your DVD-ROM. Restart your computer and boot from the CD.
Choose to repair your computer, then open the command prompt.
At the command prompt, use the following commands:
bootsect /nt60 c: /force /mbr
After using the bootrec /rebuldbcd command, you will be prompted to accept a Windows installation. Accept the installation, then wait for the process to finish. Once it’s done, reboot your comptuer and you should have a boot loader ready to go.
If you do not have a boot folder in the system C: drive, then copy the boot folder form the Windows installation CD to the C: drive. use the following command which assumes E: is your DVD-ROM
Afterwards, just use the boot restore commands to rebuild the bootloader.
Below are the screen shots that walk you through the process of installing Windows Server 8 Beta on VMware Workstation 8. I have notated the most important things to notice.
Take note, I choose Windows 7, NOT Windows 7 64-bit. I’m not sure it matters, but I believe this will work best for you.
The download is pre-licenses, so you don’t have to enter anything here. However, this will cause problems later if you don’t disconnect the floppy – more on this later.
Click Customize Hardware
Choose the processor that matches your host and enable Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT (your processor must support this) if you want to run the Hyper-V role on this server. See my earlier blog post on how to make that happen.
Make sure you unselect “Power on this virtual machine after creation”, we need to edit one more thing before we continue.
After you create the VM, go back in and disconnect the Floppy, otherwise the install will fail because the autoinst.flp is missing the product key.
A long while later after a few reboots…
You are now ready to use Windows Server 8 Beta! I have not installed the VMware tools yet, but I’ll probably try later. If you try it let me know what you think.
When Microsoft killed Windows Home Server’s “Drive Extender” technology, we mourned its loss but held up hope that the company would persevere with the concept. the company has done just that with a new Windows 8 feature called Storage Spaces, described in a lengthy post to its Building Windows 8 blog.
With Storage Spaces, physical disks are grouped together into pools, and pools are then carved up into spaces, which are formatted with a regular filesystem and are used day-to-day just like regular disks.
Unlike RAID systems of old, but in common with other modern storage technologies such as Solaris’ ZFS and Linux’s btrfs, pools can use disks of different interface technologies—USB, SATA, Serial Attached SCSI—and different, mismatched sizes. new disks can be added to a pool at any time. Pools can also include one or more hot spares: drives allocated to a pool but kept in standby until another disk in the pool fails, at which point they spring into life.
Storage in a pool is then distributed among one or more spaces. Each space can have its own redundancy policy, with three kinds of fault tolerance offered: 2-way mirroring, 3-way mirroring, and RAID 5-like parity. with the mirrored options, a space’s data is stored either twice or three times within a pool. with the parity option, the system will compute additional information and store this within the pool. if any disk in the pool fails, the data can be reconstructed using this additional information.
Spaces can be thinly provisioned, allowing the creation of spaces that are larger than the underlying pool. This allows potentially simpler management—a large “media” space for TV shows and movies could be created with some large size, say 50 TB, with only 2 TB of physical capacity in the pool. as more shows are recorded or downloaded, and space becomes tighter, additional drives can be added to the pool; the space will then use this extra capacity with no further configuration required.
The new technology appears to be superior to Windows Home Server’s Drive Extender technology in just about every regard, and its integration into the core operating system indicates that it’s robust enough for mainstream usage. the blog post implies that Storage Spaces are ready even for enterprise workloads, making mention of the ability to scale up to “very large-scale enterprise datacenter[s]“, with pools made up of “hundreds of disks”—not a promise anyone would make of the home user-oriented Drive Extender.
Perhaps the only fly in the ointment for most home users is that in Windows 8, Storage Spaces will not be bootable. the company says that guidance will be offered on how to partition disks so that a partitioned boot disk can be added to a pool, but that straightforward booting unfortunately won’t be possible. On some levels, this is unsurprising: many advanced filesystem and storage systems are not bootable in their initial version, and Storage Spaces certainly won’t be the first. On the other, it would certainly be a desirable addition, as it would ensure that even if a boot disk failed, your PC would remain operational.
The first mention of Storage Spaces were made at Microsoft’s BUILD conference in September 2011. At BUILD, the company did not offer significant details about the technology, and spoke of it in relation to Windows Server 8. Judging by the nature of the usage scenarios outlined in the blog post—storing videos and photographs, using USB external disks—it appears that Storage Spaces will be a feature of the desktop operating system too. We’ve asked Microsoft for clarification on this point.
Update: as expected, Storage Spaces will indeed be a feature of both desktop and server editions of the operating system.
If the feature does indeed ship in desktop Windows, it will overnight obsolete a range of SOHO-oriented storage systems; products like Drobo and ReadyNAS will find it hard to survive in a Windows 8 world.
If you want to create an image of your hard disk it can be done in several ways. a way to do this is to boot the computer from a Symantec Ghost floppy disk and to create the image by multicasting, unicasting, disk to disk or peer to peer.
So if you want to create an image the first thing you have to do is to create a Symantec Ghost boot disk. This boot disk doesn’t boot to Windows but boots the Symantec Ghost utility in DOS.
How to create an image using GhostCast server?
GhostCast server is a utility of the Symantec Ghost software. using GhostCast server you can create images of computers in the network or you can restore an image to several connected clients at the same time. The only thing you have to do is to boot all the clients with a Symantec Ghost boot disk, then you accept all the connected clients in the GhostCast server utility and then you simply send the image to all connected clients.
First you have to make sure that the computer of which you want to create an image of, is connected to the network. Of course the GhostCast server computer has to be connected as well.
Boot the client from the Symantec Ghost boot disk.
Now return to your GhostCast server computer and start the GhostCast server utility by clicking Start -> Programs -> Symantec Ghost -> GhostCast server.
Here you have to enter a session name in the Session name box.
Then you enable the ‘Create Image’ option to create an image from the clients.
Then you click the ‘Browse’ button to browse for a place where the image must be stored.
If you want to create an image of the entire hard disk of the client you select the ‘Disk’ option. Do you want to create an image of a particular partition you select the ‘Partition’ option. (In this example I describe how to create an image of a disk).
Then you click the ‘Accept Clients’ button.
Now GhostCast server waits for the clients to connect.
You can see that there are no clients connected until now.
Now you go to the client which is booted in Symantec Ghost and you click (or by keyboard) ‘GhostCast’ -> ‘Unicast’.
You enter the session name exactly the same as given in GhostCast Server.
Leave the option ‘Discovery Method’ to ‘Automatic’ and click ‘Ok’.
The next thing you do is, you select the drive of which an image must be made of.
and click ‘Ok’.
Here you can choose if the image must be compressed to safe disk space. The options are ‘No’, ‘Fast’ or ‘High’ compression.
I recommend you choose ‘Fast’ compression.
The next thing you need to do is to confirm the image creation by clicking ‘Yes’.
Now Symantec Ghost is waiting for you to click the ‘Send’ button in GhostCast Server.
So, return to the GhostCast Server computer and click the ‘Send’ button.
After you clicked ‘Send’ the image will be created and stored at the location you chose in GhostCast Server.
You can see the details in GhostCast Server.
After the GhostCast progress is 100 % your image is created and you can close GhostCast Server.
You have successful created your Ghost image using GhostCast Server